Posts Tagged ‘Contagious diseases’

Reasonable Expectations X: Saving the Best for Last!

February 18, 2011

This will be my tenth and final blog post describing reasonable expectations as they pertain to delivery of veterinary care (parts one through nine can be found at  This time, however, the tables will be turned- rather than describing what is reasonable for you to expect of your veterinarian, I am going to discuss what is reasonable for your veterinarian to expect of you!      

© Juli Dell'Era

Here are a dozen reasonable expectations.  By complying with as many as possible, not only will your vet and the hospital staff sing your praises, your efforts will directly benefit your pet’s health- and nothing is more important than that.       

  1. Arrive on time for your appointment. This means being present in the waiting room, not hanging out in the car finishing up your cell phone conversation or meandering with your dog outside the building (please read below about the importance of arriving with a full bladder, your dog’s that is). When you arrive late, not only will you and your pet be shortchanged on time spent with the vet, there’s a chance the staff will remain behind schedule for the rest of the day.  If you and your pet are new to the practice plan on arriving 10 to 15 minutes early to fill out necessary paperwork and be sure to bring all prior medical records including X-rays, ultrasound reports, and laboratory test results. (Old invoices are no substitute for the medical record). If you are tempted to arrive late because your vet consistently runs late, call ahead and chat with a front office staff member who will know if it’s “safe” to arrive after the scheduled appointment time. 
  2. If you suspect your pet has a contagious disease such as an upper respiratory infection, forewarn the staff.  For the sake of other patients in the waiting room, they may recommend that your little snookums remain in the car until it is time for the doc to see you.
  3. Unless instructed otherwise, do your best to bring your pet in with an empty stomach and a full bladder. This means taking the litter box away a couple hours ahead of time and foregoing the popular doggie p-mail spots outside the clinic.  Your vet may want a urine sample for testing and if procedures are recommended, better that breakfast was skipped.  Don’t worry, your dog or cat is unlikely to urinate on the hospital floor and if it does happen, guaranteed there’s a mop in every hospital!
  4. Please turn off your cell phone.  Not only is the ringing phone a distraction, answering it while in the midst of conversation with your vet conjures up adjectives I’d best not mention.
  5. Come prepared to provide a thorough history.  Believe it or not, your observations may provide more clues for a correct diagnosis than the actual physical examination.  In fact a solid history can make the difference between having to run one diagnostic test or five. Do some sleuthing around the home front to make sure there’s nothing unusual your dog or cat may have been exposed to. Your vet will want to know if you’ve observed any vomiting, abnormal stools, coughing, sneezing, decrease in stamina, or change in bladder or bowel habits.  If you don’t deal with “poop patrol” talk to the family member who does!
  6. Bring along all of your pet’s current medications (including supplements, flea control products, and heartworm preventive) so your vet can confirm that everything is as it should be.  At a minimum bring along a written list of what you are giving your pet including the name, strength and frequency of any medications- not just a visual description of the tablet. (Many medications come in the form of small, round blue pills!). Yes, the information is in the medical record, but, you’d be surprised by how often discrepancies are discovered.
  7. Know the name(s) of what you are feeding; in fact bring along a label just in case.  It’s remarkable how often clients can describe the appearance of the bag or wrapper “to a tee”, but for the life of them, cannot remember the name of the product. If the diet is homemade, bring along a copy of the recipe.
  8. Do your best to directly answer the questions asked by your veterinarian, without a lot of embellishment.  For example, if your vet asks if you have been filling the water bowl any more or less than usual, your answer should begin with “Yes,” “No,” or, “I don’t know.” “I give her only bottled water.” or “She absolutely adores water.” is not the answer your vet is looking for.
  9. If your pet is sick, try to have all the decision-makers present at the time of the office visit.  If this is difficult to arrange, the person present should take notes, and even consider audio-recording the conversation.  This is useful since details inevitably get lost in translation, especially when traveling from spouse to spouse!
  10. By all means, let the staff know if your pet is aggressive.  All animals are capable of unpredictable behavior.  A savvy veterinary staff can usually peg aggressive dogs and kitties within seconds of meeting them.  Occasionally one surprises us and bites or scratches- either a staff member or the client.  Everyone feels terrible but it’s made far worse when we learn that the client knew it could happen, but failed to warn us.
  11. Yes, I know it can be awkward, but I strongly encourage you to discuss your financial concerns before services are provided. When it comes to ways to pay your bill, there is no standard veterinary clinic menu, though most accept cash, credit/debit cards, and checks.  Do your homework to find out which ones apply to your facility. What receptionist hasn’t heard, “What do you mean, you don’t take Discover?” 
  12. Treat the entire staff well.  I get really peeved when I learn that a client, who has been sweet as can be with me, has been abrupt, condescending, or rude to one of my staff.  Keep in mind that everyone who works in the veterinary clinic plays an important role in keeping your pets healthy.   They all deserve to be treated with equal respect and without a doubt, the entire staff will know if this has not been the case. 

There, I’ve done it!  I’ve said what all vets long to tell their clients, and I sure as heck hope you’re not offended! Do you think these are reasonable expectations?  Are there others worthy of adding to the list?      

Nancy Kay, DVM
Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Author of Speaking for Spot: Be the Advocate Your Dog Needs to Live a Happy, Healthy, Longer Life
Recipient, American Animal Hospital Association Animal Welfare and Humane Ethics Award
Recipient, Dog Writers Association of America Award for Best Blog
Recipient, Eukanuba Canine Health Award
Recipient, AKC Club Publication Excellence Award
Become a Fan of Speaking for Spot on Facebook      

Please visit to read excerpts from Speaking for Spot. There you will also find “Advocacy Aids”- helpful health forms you can download and use for your own dog, and a collection of published articles on advocating for your pet’s health. Speaking for Spot is available at, local bookstores, and your favorite online book seller.

Potential Dog Park Diseases

April 10, 2010

Many people enjoy taking their dogs to the dog park, and I’m commonly asked if, from a canine contagious disease point of view, the dog park is a safe place for dogs to be.  Here is the advice I give:  

1. Be sure your dog has ample immunity (vaccine protection) against distemper and parvovirus, both of which are life threatening diseases readily transmissible from dog to dog. This can be accomplished by vaccinating at appropriate intervals (more than once every three years for adult dogs is too much) or by regularly performing blood testing (vaccine serology) to ensure adequate protection. Read the chapter in Speaking for Spot called “The Vaccination Conundrum” for a complete discussion on vaccination timing, the risks and benefits of vaccinations, and vaccine serology.

2. Consider the potential risks and benefits of vaccinating your dog for Bordatella (this is often referred to as the “kennel cough” vaccine).  Kennel cough refers to treatable upper respiratory tract infections that primarily cause coughing, the kind that, left untreated, have the potential to keep you and your dog awake all night! Because kennel cough is highly contagious, some dog parks may require that dogs be vaccinated for Bordatella before participating (oy, I can only imagine the nightmare monitoring  this would be).  Unfortunately, the Bordatella vaccination is not a 100% insurance policy that your dog won’t get kennel cough because Bordatella is only one of several microorganisms capable of causing kennel cough.  Treatment for kennel cough typically consists of antibiotics and cough suppressant medication.

3. Intestinal parasites are readily transmitted between dogs, particularly in high-traffic dog park.  If you frequent the dog park, have your dog’s stool sample checked regularly for parasites.  Ask your veterinarian for his or her recommendation regarding frequency of testing as the prevalence of parasites varies from region to region.

4. Heartworm disease (long, spaghetti-like worms that set up housekeeping within the heart) is transmitted from dog to dog via mosquitoes.  Talk with your veterinarian to learn whether or not heartworm disease exists in your area.  If so, be sure your dog regularly receives heartworm preventive (whether you frequent the dog park or not).

5. Fleas are always on the lookout for their next meal, so you may find that your flea-free pooch arrives home from the dog park riddled with fleas.  Discuss options with your vet so you can choose the flea control options that you are most comfortable with.

It’s a good idea for every dog park organization to keep an updated telephone/email list in order to broadcast “contagious disease sightings,” the same way parents receive notification from their children’s school about health issues such as head lice. Bear in mind that, while contagious diseases at the dog park do exist, risks of physical injury associated with canine altercations, and risks of emotional injury associated with human altercations are far greater.  Hmm, perhaps we should begin requiring rabies vaccinations at both ends of the leash!

Best wishes to you and your four-legged family members for abundant good health, 

Nancy Kay, DVM
Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Recipient, American Animal Hospital Association 2009 Animal Welfare and Humane Ethics Award
Recipient, 2009 Dog Writers Association of America Award for Best Blog
Recipient, 2009 Eukanuba Canine Health Award
Author of Speaking for Spot: Be the Advocate Your Dog Needs to Live a Happy, Healthy, Longer Life

Become a Fan of Speaking for Spot on Facebook 

Please visit to read excerpts from Speaking for Spot. There you will also find “Advocacy Aids”- helpful health forms you can download and use for your own dog, and a collection of published articles on advocating for your pet’s health. Speaking for Spot is available at, local bookstores, or your favorite online book seller.